The Recall Enhancement Routine

Recall Enhancement Manual Cover

Teachers use the Recall Enhancement Routine to show students how to create and use a range of mnemonic devices to remember information and study for tests. These include visual memory devices, keyword devices, and association, acronyms and rhymes.

Students whose teachers used the Recall Enhancement Routine had significantly higher overall posttest scores compared to pretest scores than students in the comparison group. Students in the experimental group created appropriate devices needed to recall information for 42% of the test items whereas those in the control group the number was 24.7% in 7th grade life science classrooms.

Author(s): Jean B. Schumaker, Janis A. Bulgren, Donald D. Deshler, and B. Keith Lenz

Publication Info: University of Kansas, 1998

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The Recall Enhancement Routine Research (.pdf)


  • Bulgren, J.A., Deshler, D.D., & Schumaker, J.B. (1997). Use of a recall enhancement routine and strategies in inclusive secondary classes. Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 12(4), 198-208. A multiple-baseline design study is used with teachers to determine the effects of training on their performance of the Recall Enhancement Routine and a post-test only comparison design is employed to determine the effects of teacher use of the routine on student use of mnemonic devices.
  • Bulgren, J.A., Schumaker, J.B., & Deshler, D.D. (1994). The effects of a recall enhancement routine on the test performance of secondary students with and without learning disabilities. Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 9(1), 2-11. Multiple measures are collected and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics to evaluate the effectiveness of repetitious review of the Recall Enhancement Routine on student performance (LD and non-LD) in inclusive general education classrooms.


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