Teaching Cross-Curricular Argumentation Routine
The ability to engage in higher order reasoning is a critical skill for all students. Indeed, many educational standards specify that students should be able to evaluate whether a claim is supported by evidence and reasoning.
Today, students encounter claims within all of their academic classes across many different grade levels. They also encounter claims through a variety of everyday sources: social media, newspapers, popular books, television, billboards, and movies. But how can they determine if the claims are valid? To do so, students must be able to carefully examine the claim and engage in the process of argumentation. Thus, the purpose of this guidebook is to help students clarify, analyze, and evaluate arguments, both across academic content and within their daily lives.
This guidebook, Teaching Cross-Curricular Argumentation, is one of a series of Content Enhancement Routines focusing on higher order thinking and reasoning. The centerpiece of the routine is a graphic organizer, the Cross-Curricular Argumentation Guide. While most Content Enhancement Routines feature one guide as their centerpiece, this guidebook features two. The first is the Cross-Curricular Argumentation Guide A (CCAG-A) and the second is the Cross-Curricular Argumentation Guide B (CCAG-B). The two different guides were developed to give teachers choices as they respond to the differing needs of diverse groups of students or for students at different grade levels.
Embedded in the steps for both versions is the cognitive strategy that students can use to analyze and evaluate arguments. The guidebook also contains instructional procedures that teachers can use to help their students acquire the skills of argumentation.
Bulgren, J.A., Ellis, J.D., & Marquis, J.G. (2014). The use and effectiveness of an Argumentation and Evaluation Intervention in science classes. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 23(1), 82-91.
Please note that professional development, coaching, and infrastructure support are essential components to effective implementation of SIM instructional tools and interventions. It is highly recommended that you work with a SIM professional developer. See the SIM Event page for sessions or email email@example.com to learn more.